Ken Solt, M.D.
Physician Investigator (Cl)
Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Mass General Research Institute
Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital
|BA Amherst College 1996|
|MD University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine 2000|
I study the mechanisms of emergence and cognitive recovery from general anesthesia using a systems neuroscience approach. In current clinical practice, emergence from general anesthesia is treated as a passive process dictated by the pharmacokinetics of anesthetic drug clearance. My group discovered that dopamine agonists induce active emergence from general anesthesia, and we subsequently discovered that optogenetic stimulation of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) restores consciousness in anesthetized rodents. I currently direct a translational research program that studies the role of dopamine pathways in restoring consciousness and cognition after general anesthesia. We combine intracranial stimulation, neurophysiological recordings, and cognitive testing in rodents to elucidate the neural circuits that govern anesthetic emergence, and we are actively developing anesthetic reversal agents for clinical use. Our long-term goal is to make general anesthesia safer by developing new therapeutic options for common clinical problems such as delayed emergence, postoperative delirium, and perioperative neurocognitive disorder.